气候变化使海浪更强力
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2019-01-17 08:50 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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The ocean waves are getting stronger as a result of climate change, which might pose dangers for coastal1 communities in the future, according to a latest study published in the scientific journal Nature.
 
科技期刊《自然》上发表的最新研究显示,海浪因气候变化变得更强力,这将可能对沿海社区构成危险。
 
Researchers found that waves have increased in strength by 0.41 percent per year since 1948, and this change is correlated with the increasing sea-surface temperatures.
 
This relationship is important, as it shows that "global wave power can be a potentially valuable indicator2 of global warming, similarly to carbon dioxide concentration, the global sea level rise, or the global surface atmospheric3 temperature," said director of research at the Environmental Hydraulics Institute at Spain's University of Cantabria, and co-author of the new study, Inigo J. Losada.
 
While the study reveals a long-term trend of increasing wave energy, the effects of this increase are particularly apparent during the most energetic storm seasons, as occurred during the winter of 2013-2014 in the North Atlantic, which impacted the west coast of Europe, or the devastating4 2017 hurricane season in the Caribbean, which offered a harsh reminder5 of the destructive power and economic impacts of coastal storms, said the study.
 
Researchers hope the findings could provide a more complete understanding of the dangers faced by coastal communities in the coming decades.
 
"Our results indicate that risk analysis neglecting the changes in wave power and having sea level rise as the only driver may underestimate the consequences of climate change and result in insufficient6 or maladaptation," said co-author Fernando J. Mendez, associate professor at the University of Cantabria.
 
The findings may alert governments to better protect populations and infrastructure7 such as ports and harbors by building coastal defenses.


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1 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
2 indicator i8NxM     
n.指标;指示物,指示者;指示器
参考例句:
  • Gold prices are often seen as an indicator of inflation.黃金价格常常被看作是通货膨胀的指标。
  • His left-hand indicator is flashing.他左手边的转向灯正在闪亮。
3 atmospheric 6eayR     
adj.大气的,空气的;大气层的;大气所引起的
参考例句:
  • Sea surface temperatures and atmospheric circulation are strongly coupled.海洋表面温度与大气环流是密切相关的。
  • Clouds return radiant energy to the surface primarily via the atmospheric window.云主要通过大气窗区向地表辐射能量。
4 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
5 reminder WkzzTb     
n.提醒物,纪念品;暗示,提示
参考例句:
  • I have had another reminder from the library.我又收到图书馆的催还单。
  • It always took a final reminder to get her to pay her share of the rent.总是得发给她一份最后催缴通知,她才付应该交的房租。
6 insufficient L5vxu     
adj.(for,of)不足的,不够的
参考例句:
  • There was insufficient evidence to convict him.没有足够证据给他定罪。
  • In their day scientific knowledge was insufficient to settle the matter.在他们的时代,科学知识还不能足以解决这些问题。
7 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
TAG标签: climate energy waves
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